Latest Coronavirus Updates: Causes, Death Toll, Precautions and Cure in 2020 1

Contents

CORONA VIRUS

Covid- 19

Find Out How CoronaVirus Is Claiming Thousands of Lives & What You Can Do To Stay Safe

TRACK THE SPREAD OF COVID-19

CountryCases24hDeaths24h%Recovered%Active
USA1,976,81111,103111,7233335.7% 739,72437.4%1,125,364
Brazil651,9805,97435,2111645.4% 302,08446.3%314,685
Russia458,6898,8555,7251971.2% 221,38848.3%231,576
Spain288,39033227,13519.4% -0%261,255
UK284,8681,55740,46520414.2% -0%244,403
India246,45410,2706,9462972.8% 118,59248.1%120,916
Italy234,80127033,8467214.4% 165,07870.3%35,877
Peru187,40005,16202.8% 79,21442.3%103,024
Germany185,5801668,76744.7% 168,90091%7,913
Iran169,4252,2698,209754.8% 132,03877.9%29,178
Turkey169,2188784,669212.8% 135,32280%29,227
France153,055029,111019% 70,50446.1%53,440
Chile127,7455,2461,541931.2% 95,63174.9%30,573
Mexico110,0264,34613,17062512% 78,59071.4%18,266
Saudi Arabia98,8693,121676340.7% 71,79172.6%26,402
Canada95,0166817,773708.2% 53,58256.4%33,661
Pakistan93,9834,7341,935972.1% 32,58134.7%59,467
China83,03034,63405.6% 78,32994.3%67
Qatar67,1951,7005120.1% 42,52763.3%24,617
Bangladesh63,0262,635846351.3% 13,32521.1%48,855
Belgium59,0721659,5801416.2% 16,19027.4%33,302
Belarus47,75188326340.6% 23,01548.2%24,473
Netherlands47,3351836,011612.7% -0%41,324
Sweden43,8871144,6561710.6% -0%39,231
South Africa43,434090802.1% 23,08853.2%19,438
Ecuador41,57503,53408.5% 20,56849.5%17,473
UAE38,26862627510.7% 21,06155%16,932
Singapore37,5273442510.1% 24,55965.4%12,943
Colombia36,63501,14503.1% 13,63837.2%21,852
Portugal34,3513821,47494.3% 20,80760.6%12,070
Kuwait31,131487254100.8% 19,28261.9%11,595
Egypt31,11501,16603.7% 8,15826.2%21,791
Switzerland30,956201,92106.2% 28,60092.4%435
Indonesia30,5149931,801315.9% 9,90732.5%18,806
Ukraine26,514550777152.9% 11,81244.6%13,925
Poland25,9865761,153164.4% 12,64148.6%12,192
Ireland25,183201,67886.7% 22,69890.1%807
Philippines21,34071499474.7% 4,44120.8%15,905
Argentina21,0370642103.1% 6,18029.4%14,215
Romania20,2901871,31826.5% 14,41971.1%4,553
Afghanistan19,551582320111.6% 1,8209.3%17,411
Dominican Republic19,195487536112.8% 11,91962.1%6,740
Israel17,75219029541.7% 15,04284.7%2,415
Japan17,064090705.3% 14,97287.7%1,185
Austria16,8985567204% 15,78993.4%437
Oman16,0169307200.4% 3,45121.5%12,493
Panama15,463037002.4% 9,71962.9%5,374
Bahrain14,3835482310.2% 9,05663%5,304
Bolivia12,728483427123.4% 1,73913.7%10,562
Kazakhstan12,5111995310.4% 7,13557%5,323
Armenia12,36454719071.5% 3,72030.1%8,454
Denmark11,9244958714.9% 10,72189.9%616
Nigeria11,844033302.8% 3,69631.2%7,815
Serbia11,7417424812.1% 11,05694.2%437
S. Korea11,7195127302.3% 10,53189.9%915
Iraq11,0981,252318332.9% 4,90444.2%5,876
Algeria10,05011569886.9% 6,63166%2,721
Czechia9,5461732703.4% 6,88472.1%2,335
Moldova9,51126433183.5% 5,45057.3%3,730
Ghana9,4622944420.5% 3,54737.5%5,871
Norway8,531923802.8% 8,13895.4%155
Malaysia8,3033711711.4% 6,63579.9%1,551
Morocco8,1518020802.6% 7,31589.7%628
Cameroon7,59920721272.8% 4,58760.4%2,800
Australia7,255410201.4% 6,69092.2%463
Azerbaijan7,2393798421.2% 4,02455.6%3,131
Finland6,9642332204.6% 5,80083.3%842
Guatemala6,485331216583.3% 1,05316.2%5,216
Honduras5,9719124854.2% 67711.3%5,046
Sudan5,865034705.9% 1,92432.8%3,594
Tajikistan4,453834801.1% 2,58358%1,822
Senegal4,249944721.1% 2,51259.1%1,690
Djibouti4,169462600.6% 1,81543.5%2,328
Uzbekistan4,064571710.4% 3,26880.4%779
Guinea4,06002300.6% 2,66765.7%1,370
Luxembourg4,035311002.7% 3,88896.4%37
Hungary3,99020545313.7% 2,27957.1%1,166
DRC3,8781148212.1% 53713.8%3,259
Côte d'Ivoire3,43103601% 1,60446.8%1,791
Nepal3,2353231320.4% 36511.3%2,857
Thailand3,10425801.9% 2,97195.7%75
Gabon3,10102100.7% 83326.9%2,247
Greece2,9801318006% 1,37446.1%1,426
El Salvador2,934855301.8% 1,28143.7%1,600
Haiti2,9241845001.7% 240.8%2,850
Macedonia2,91512515125.2% 1,64056.3%1,124
Bulgaria2,6684116016% 1,52857.3%980
Bosnia2,606015906.1% 1,96875.5%479
Kenya2,6001268343.2% 64324.7%1,874
Somalia2,289858233.6% 43118.8%1,776
Croatia2,247010414.6% 2,12194.4%22
Cuba2,173408303.8% 1,85585.4%235
Venezuela2,14502000.9% 33415.6%1,791
Mayotte2,07902501.2% 1,52373.3%531
Kyrgyzstan1,974382201.1% 1,36068.9%592
Ethiopia1,9341292011% 28114.5%1,633
Estonia1,931216903.6% 1,67586.7%187
Maldives1,90118810.4% 76340.1%1,130
Sri Lanka1,814131100.6% 89149.1%912
Iceland1,80601000.6% 1,79499.3%2
Lithuania1,705117104.2% 1,32177.5%313
Central African Republic1,570119510.3% 372.4%1,528
Slovakia1,52822801.8% 1,37990.2%121
Mali1,523389035.9% 84555.5%588
New Zealand1,50402201.5% 1,48198.5%1
Slovenia1,484510907.3% 1,35991.6%16
Guinea-Bissau1,36801200.9% 15311.2%1,203
Lebanon1,32082912.2% 76858.2%523
Equatorial Guinea1,30601200.9% 20015.3%1,094
Albania1,232203412.8% 92575.1%273
Costa Rica1,22801000.8% 69556.6%523
Nicaragua1,11804604.1% 37033.1%702
Hong Kong1,1063400.4% 1,04894.8%54
Paraguay1,09031101% 53248.8%547
Zambia1,0890700.6% 91283.7%170
Tunisia1,08704904.5% 97789.9%61
Latvia1,08612502.3% 78171.9%280
Madagascar1,02651810.8% 21220.7%806
South Sudan99401001% 60.6%978
Niger96606506.7% 86389.3%38
Cyprus96001811.9% 80784.1%135
Sierra Leone946174815.1% 60063.4%298
Burkina Faso88805306% 76085.6%75
Mauritania88304304.9% 697.8%771
Andorra85205106% 74187%60
Chad83606918.3% 67280.4%95
Uruguay83402302.8% 72186.5%90
Georgia80831301.6% 66382.1%132
Jordan79511901.1% 58673.7%200
Diamond Princess71201301.8% 65191.4%48
San Marino68004206.2% 42862.9%210
French Guiana63950100.2% 34854.5%290
Congo63502003.1% 18228.7%433
Malta6272901.4% 59695.1%22
Jamaica59541001.7% 38564.7%200
Uganda59336000% 8213.8%511
Channel Islands56324608.2% 51290.9%5
Cabo Verde5426500.9% 24044.3%297
Tanzania50902104.1% 18336%305
Sao Tome and Principe49901202.4% 6813.6%419
Togo48501302.7% 24049.5%232
Réunion4800100.2% 41185.6%68
Yemen4690111023.7% 234.9%335
Palestine4640300.6% 40086.2%61
Taiwan4430701.6% 42996.8%7
Rwanda4200200.5% 28267.1%136
Malawi4090401% 5513.4%350
Mozambique40955200.5% 12630.8%281
Liberia345113008.7% 18553.6%130
Mauritius33701003% 32496.1%3
Isle of Man33602407.1% 31292.9%0
Vietnam3291000% 30793.3%22
Montenegro3240902.8% 31597.2%0
Swaziland3050301% 22172.5%81
Zimbabwe2650401.5% 3312.5%228
Benin2610301.1% 15157.9%107
Myanmar2404602.5% 15665%78
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya2390502.1% 5221.8%182
Martinique20201406.9% 9848.5%90
Mongolia1932000% 7136.8%122
Faroe Islands1870000% 187100%0
Gibraltar1751000% 15588.6%20
Cayman Islands1640100.6% 9356.7%70
Guadeloupe16401408.5% 14487.8%6
Guyana15301207.8% 7750.3%64
Bermuda1410906.4% 11480.9%18
Brunei1410201.4% 13897.9%1
Comoros1419201.4% 6747.5%72
Cambodia1250000% 12398.4%2
Syrian Arab Republic1240604.8% 5342.7%65
Trinidad and Tobago1170806.8% 10892.3%1
Bahamas102011010.8% 5553.9%36
Aruba1010303% 9897%0
Monaco990404% 9393.9%2
Barbados920707.6% 8188%4
Suriname911101.1% 99.9%81
Angola860404.7% 2124.4%61
Liechtenstein820101.2% 5567.1%26
Sint Maarten77015019.5% 6179.2%1
Burundi630101.6% 3352.4%29
French Polynesia600000% 60100%0
Bhutan480000% 1122.9%37
Macao450000% 45100%0
Saint Martin410307.3% 3380.5%5
Botswana400102.5% 2357.5%16
Eritrea390000% 39100%0
Namibia294000% 1655.2%13
Antigua and Barbuda2603011.5% 2076.9%3
Gambia260103.8% 2180.8%4
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines260000% 1557.7%11
Timor-Leste240000% 24100%0
Grenada230000% 2295.7%1
Curaçao210104.8% 1571.4%5
New Caledonia200000% 1890%2
Belize1902010.5% 1684.2%1
Lao People's Democratic Republic190000% 1894.7%1
Saint Lucia190000% 1894.7%1
Dominica180000% 1688.9%2
Fiji180000% 18100%0
Saint Kitts and Nevis150000% 15100%0
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)130000% 13100%0
Greenland130000% 13100%0
Holy See (Vatican City State)120000% 216.7%10
Turks and Caicos Islands120108.3% 1191.7%0
Montserrat110109.1% 1090.9%0
Seychelles110000% 11100%0
MS Zaandam902022.2% -0%7
Western Sahara901011.1% 666.7%2
British Virgin Islands801012.5% 787.5%0
Papua New Guinea80000% 8100%0
Caribbean Netherlands70000% 7100%0
St. Barth60000% 6100%0
Lesotho40000% 250%2
Anguilla30000% 3100%0
Saint Pierre Miquelon10000% 1100%0

HOW DOES COVID-19 SPREAD?

The virus is transmitted through direct contact with respiratory droplets of an infected person.

Latest Coronavirus Updates: Causes, Death Toll, Precautions and Cure in 2020 2

Close Personal Contact

Direct skin-to-skin contact increases likelihood of infection.

Latest Coronavirus Updates: Causes, Death Toll, Precautions and Cure in 2020 3

Coughing Or Sneezing

Coronavirus can spread if an infected person coughs or sneezes

Latest Coronavirus Updates: Causes, Death Toll, Precautions and Cure in 2020 4

Touching Infected Surfaces

Unsanitized or infected surfaces can increase the likelihood of infection

HOW TO STAY HEALTHY DURING COVID19

You can take several precautions to protect yourself and loved ones from the novel coronavirus.

  • Wash your hands as frequently as you can, especially before and after meals, OR after coughing or sneezing
  • Use hand sanitisers when you cannot use soap

  • Wash your hands as frequently as you can, especially before and after meals, OR after coughing or sneezing
  • Use hand sanitisers when you cannot use soap

  • Wash your hands as frequently as you can, especially before and after meals, OR after coughing or sneezing
  • Use hand sanitisers when you cannot use soap

  • Wash your hands as frequently as you can, especially before and after meals, OR after coughing or sneezing
  • Use hand sanitisers when you cannot use soap

  • Wash your hands as frequently as you can, especially before and after meals, OR after coughing or sneezing
  • Use hand sanitisers when you cannot use soap

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

A novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified. The virus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold.

A novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified. The virus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold.

A novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified. The virus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold.

A novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified. The virus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold.

A novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified. The virus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold.

A novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified. The virus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold.

A novel coronavirus is a new coronavirus that has not been previously identified. The virus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is not the same as the coronaviruses that commonly circulate among humans and cause mild illness, like the common cold.

STAY UPDATED ON SOCIAL MEDIA

What is Coronavirus?

Coronavirus is an ordinary family of viruses that can infect the areas such as nose, sinuses or upper throat region. They have the appearance of a crown-like shape. This dreadful Virus is first identified in the year 1932. It is isolated from the infected bronchitis virus in birds.

The word ‘Corona’ is a Latin term which has the meaning as Halo or Crown. Human Coronavirus is initially diagnosed in the year 1960. It is identified in the nasal region of the patients who are suffering from the common cold and its symptoms. OC43 and 229E are the two different coronaviruses that have a significant t role in causing the common cold.

What are the types of Coronavirus?

There are different types of Coronavirus in which most of them are not considered to be dangerous. But some of its varieties are said to be hazardous and can cause serious health effects.

The common types of Coronavirus which are not so dangerous include 229E (an Alpha form of Coronavirus), NL63 (an Alpha form of Coronavirus), OC43 (a Beta way of Coronavirus) and HKU1 (a Beta form of Coronavirus).

Other types of Coronavirus, which are dreadful, include MERS-CoV results in MERS (Middle East Respiratory System), SARS-CoV, which results in SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome). The most recently found Virus is 2019-nCov.

What are the symptoms of Coronavirus?

  • Fever and chills
  • Sore throat
  • Runny nose
  • Cold-like mild symptoms
  • Cough and Sneeze
  • Shortness during breathing or troubled breathing
  • Acute Respiratory syndrome
  • Kidney failure
  • Coma and death

What is the response of India to the issue?

We can’t ignore the fact that this Coronavirus has been proved to be one of the dreadful disease-causing viruses. But it would be best if you kept in your mind you don’t have to panic about this Virus. Of course, you will have the worry, but you can lead a healthy life if you get to know about the following precautionary measures taken by the Indian Government and some safety tips for yourself.

What are the practical measures that should be followed to stop spreading or Coronavirus?

The Government had suggested tow public health strategies. In these strategies, the Virus affected patients should be isolated and quarantined from the rest of the public. This preventive measure will restrict the spreading of this dangerous disease in society.

The step, as mentioned above, is followed to keep the virus-infected person away from the healthy individuals who are not affected.

Diagnosing and Screening the people:

The Health Ministry has reported that about 40,000 passengers had undergone screening procedures to detect the presence of novel Coronavirus. The travelers from china were instructed to check themselves in the nearby primary health care facility center if they are not feeling well or have any symptoms of this dreadful disease.

The persons who are diagnosed with any symptoms of this disease are readily isolated from the rest of the people by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare’s Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP). They would screen the samples of the persons.

The authorities of seven national airports, including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Cochin, Kolkata, Bangalore, and Hyderabad, to check the passengers who had traveled from China.

The people in the United States were tested for this coronavirus virus. About 210 patients with these similar symptoms to this Virus have been detected.

Indian Government resisting the people on traveling:

The passengers who are going to China are also advised to follow some preventive measures like avoid any physical contact with other persons. If a person has to visit China in an emergency, he/she had been advised by the authorities of the Indian Government to visit the Indian Embassy in Beijing once they reach China. They can also visit the Indian consulate in Shanghai or Guangzhou.

The e-Visa facility, which had its Chinese passport, was temporarily suspended by the Government. They also suspended the physical visa application online.

Laboratory facilities for diagnosing Coronavirus:

Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)’s has made up the Viral Research and Diagnostics Laboratories network. The network includes the National Institute of Virology at Pune along with ten more laboratories. About 550 samples were screened with the help of these laboratories by the ICMR in which three samples are detected to have a positive result.

Steps are taken to evacuate the Indians

From Wuhan, China, about 366 Indian people were left by the Indian Government with the unique air Indian flight. The evacuated travelers are made to be isolated for about two weeks to screen them for any symptoms of this disease.

What are the treatments approved by India for the Coronavirus?

The combination of the medications Lopinavir and Ritonavir was used in the treatment of HIV. But now, the Indian Council of Medical Research was permitted by the Drug Controller General of India to give the same combination of two medications to treat the infection caused by the Coronavirus.

How to protect yourself from others affected by the coronaviruses?

It had been reported that no vaccines are founded yet currently, which could protect you from this Coronavirus. But you can follow some steps which would help to reduce the risk of getting affected by this disease. They are,

  • Make sure to wash your hands thoroughly by using the soap at least for about 30 seconds.
  • Don’t make contact with your eyes, nose, mouth, or any other organs when your hands are unwashed.
  • Avoid making any physical contact with the persons who are already infected by the Virus.

How to protect others from yourself when you are affected by the Coronavirus?

If you are affected by this contagious itself, do follow the below-mentioned steps to prevent it from spreading to the other people.

  • As mentioned before, don’t allow any other people to make physical contact with you.
  • Please don’t make it to the outside world but stay in the home as much as possible.
  • If you feel the need to cough or sneeze, make sure that you had covered your nose and mouth completely.
  • The objects and surfaces which you are using should be cleaned and disinfected regularly.

What are the treatments for coronavirus disease?

There is no specific cure found for the coronavirus diseases, but it can be treated by following some safety tips. They are mentioned below as,

  • Take complete rest in your home.
  • Overexertion should be avoided
  • Consume plenty of water
  • Quit Smoking or avoid the smoking areas
  • If you are experiencing Fever, headache, or body pain, take medications such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen, which can relieve the symptoms.

How does Coronavirus transmit from one person to another?

Any contagious disease caused by some deadly organisms can spread from one person to another easily and quickly. When the infected person cough or sneeze without covering their nose or mouth, it could be the sole reason for the transmission of the disease caused by Coronavirus.

Though Coronavirus in humans hasn’t well studied by the researchers, it can be said that these dreadful viruses can be spread through fluid secretion in the respiratory system. The transmission of this disease can be done in any one of the following ways,

  • Some droplets can get dispersed in the environment when an infected person coughs or sneeze while not covering their mouth or nose. The droplets which had already spread in the air can helps in transmitting the viruses.
  • When a person had made any physical contact with the infected, one such as shaking a hand or touching them can make the Virus to spread quickly from one person to another person.
  • The Virus will be transmitted from one to another in case the person makes contact with the objects or surface, which was infected and then touching the same hand to your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • It is also considered that the transmission of Coronavirus can be spread through the feces in some rare environment.

What is the Nature of Coronavirus?

In the case of the human body, it is likely to contract this disease most often during the period or months early spring or winter. It is mostly correlated with the conditions of people who are residing in the United States. If the common cold caused by the Coronavirus in a person and then it will occur again after four or five months. It is the most common and complicated issue. It is because of some reason.

The antibodies of Coronavirus do not have a long-lasting life, and they cannot survive for a long time. The antibodies for one strain of this Coronavirus something could not be used against other strains of the Coronavirus.

Rhinovirus is a type of Virus that is also said to cause the common cold. It can be produced in the lab quickly. But these coronaviruses, a common cold-causing one, cannot be created in the lab soon. Hence, that’s why it is not possible to predict the effect of this Coronavirus on the Indian economy and business along with the people’s health all around the world.

Coronaviruses are categorized as Zoonotic due to their transmission ability between animals and human beings. In a detailed study, it is proved that the SARS CoV can be spread from civet cats to humans. While considering the MERS CoV virus, it can be transmitted from dromedary camels to human beings. Apart from the above mentioned two viruses, there are still various viruses presented in the animals but had not been transferred to human beings yet.

People should thoroughly cook and boil the eggs, and the meat as the Coronavirus can spread through them quickly.

In Chicago, an experiment was done on monkeys, which results from Gilead. An antiviral drug prevented the disease and also decreased the risk of signs and symptoms.

What is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)?

The Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is one of the viral respiratory diseases, and it occurs due to the novel Coronavirus. It was first identified in the year 2012 in Saudi Arabia.

What are the symptoms of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)?

The symptoms of this kind of Coronavirus are listed as below,

  • Fever
  • Cough and chills
  • Pneumonia
  • Gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea and constipation can also found.
  • In severe cases, it will lead to an acute respiratory problem, and it would need treatment such as mechanical ventilation and strong support in ICU (Intensive Care Unit).

This infection is proved to have no clinical symptoms, and they are known as Asymptomatic. So, they can be confirmed with a laboratory test. It is also reported that about 35% of people had died all around the world due to this infection. MERS-CoV will show its severe effect on older people than the younger ones. It also affects the people who have a weak immune system, and chronic diseases, including kidney diseases, different types of cancer, chronic respiratory tract infections, Diabetes Mellitus.

What is the primary source of this infection?

Some research studies had analyzed various virus genomes and found that it may originate in bats. It would be transmitted to the camels sometime in the prior period. But the origin of this Virus not adequately studied or understood. Generally, the consumption of camels meat and its milk can be nutritious if it is fully pasteurized, cooked or undergone any other heat methods

MERS-CoV is considered a zoonotic virus that can spread between animals and people. The Virus, which is generally present in the dromedary camels, can infect human beings either directly or indirectly. MERS-CoV is found in dromedary camels around the region of the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia.

How can this Virus be transmitted?

There are two types of transmission as listed below,

  1. Animal to human communication: Though the virus transmission between animal and humans is not fully understood, it can be said that the dromedary camels are the main way for the transfer to the human beings and causes infections in them. The human strains which are similar to the strains of MERS CoV had been isolated from the camels in many countries such as Egypt, Oman, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia.
  2. Human to human transmission: It’s not easy to transmit the virus from one person to another person. It would get sent if you made close contact with the person.

What are the treatments and precautionary measures for this Virus?

There are no relevant vaccine or treatment methods yet found for this MERS CoV virus. But now they are being researched by scientists. Based on the patient’s clinical and health conditions, the treatment will be decided by the physicians.

If you want to know about the precautions for this virus infection, it would be good to maintain your personal hygiene issues whenever you are going to visit farms, markets, barns, or any other places which would have dromedary camels or other animals. The hygiene measures would include washing your hands regularly and thoroughly after touching the animals. Make sure not to make any physical contact with the animals that were sick.

If you consume any food items like raw food or not fully cooked animal foods such as milk or meat, you will have a high risk of MERS CoV infection. You should consume the food items which are appropriately cooked or pasteurized to avoid any contamination, which is seen in the uncooked or undercooked food.

What about Travel issues?

The persons who are screened with this Virus are not recommended by the World Health organization for ay travel or trade purposes.

What is the response of the World Health Organization to this MERS CoV?

WHO has organized a great and productive work with public health specialists, animal health specialists, clinicians, and scientists t in many countries which are at risk or affected by this Virus. It helps to share the scientific information gathered yet found at an international level. This also had developed public health prevention strategies to control the spreading of the Virus along with the Food and Agricultural organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the world organization of animal health (OIE) and many national governments.

WHO has also conducted the global health response in regards to the MERS CoV virus with the immense support from the infected countries and technical partners and networks from the international level. This response includes the following list,

  • the practice of updating the information of the situation regarding the Virus
  • Performing the risk assessments and joining with the international and national authorities with the investigation about the Virus.
  • Conducting scientific meetings
  • Looking out for the guidance and training for health authorities and technical health agencies in interim surveillance recommendation.
  • Testing of cases in the laboratories.
  • Prevention of infections
  • Management of control and clinical data information

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS CoV)?

What is the cause of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS CoV)?

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS CoV) is initially identified in February 2003 in the Asian region. The main reservoir for the transmission of this Virus is not individual till now. There was a hypothesis thought that the bats would act as an Animal reservoir for the spreading of the Virus. It could be transmitted to another kind of animals such as civet cats. It was affected in the person in the year 2002 around the region of Guangdong province of southern China.

What is the transmission process of the SARS CoV virus?

It was reported that about 26 countries in which 8000 people were affected by this dreadful disease. The transmission would occur during the second week of the infection period. This Virus gets easily transmitted from one person to another person. After the infection during the second week, it would get the peak effect.

The Virus will get transmitted from one person to another person when there is any lack of infection control precautionary methods. If the proper infection control had been implemented, it would help in the spreading of the Virus.

What is the nature and symptoms of this Virus?

This Virus would have symptoms similar to the influenza virus, and it includes the following list,

  • Fever
  • Malaise
  • Myalgia
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea
  • Rigors (Shivering effect)

Despite the above symptoms, there is no proved result for any individual signs or cluster symptoms for this SARS CoV virus. In the symptoms mentioned above, Fever is the most common one, especially in patients who are elder and have immunosuppression.

During the first or second week of the infection period, it is found that the patients may experience some other symptoms, which include dry cough, shortness in breath, diarrhea, or gastric problems. When the cases get its severe stage, it would lead to progressive distress in the respiratory system and may require intensive care units.

What is the geographical distribution of this Virus?

The epidemic distribution of this dreadful disease is between 2002 and 2003. It was first seen in November 2002. It is found in the region of Guangdong province of southern China, which is known as the zone of the reappearance of SARS CoV. The other places where this disease emerged are Tornado in China, Hongkong unique administrative region of China, Chinese Taipei, Singapore, and Hanoi in Viet Nam.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is the novel Coronavirus?

It is a kind of newly identified Coronavirus, and the Virus responsible for this disease is not commonly grouped into the other coronaviruses. Other common coronaviruses can cause mild illness or fever symptoms. This disease is known as Coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID 19). The diagnosis for this novel Virus is not similar to the other diagnostic measures for 229E, NL63, OC43, or HKU1.  Patients will be evaluated and cared exclusively and different when compared with other viruses.

  1. What is the reason for naming the new out breaking Coronavirus as COVID 19 (Coronavirus disease 2019)?

The World Health Organization (WHO) had released an official name for this disease on February 11, 2020. It is initially identified in Wuhan, China. The abbreviated name of this Coronavirus disease 2019 is COVID 19. In its name, CO refers to Corona, and VI refers to the Virus, and D refers to a condition. Nineteen stands for the year 2019, which indicates the outbreak period of this disease.

  1. Who has the more risk of getting affected with 2019 coronavirus disease infection?

In recent times, people who are the highest risk of getting infected by this coronavirus disease 2019 infection who are having close physical contact with the patients are already affected by this disease. The people who are also easily affected are those who had a recent travel history to China, particularly to the Hubei province.

  1. Which body fluid can spread this coronavirus infection?

Regarding the clinical specimens of the report of Coronavirus, there are only specific limited data are available. The virus infection was identified in both the upper and lower respiratory tract specimens. This 2019 Coronavirus is also isolated from the samples of the upper respiratory tract and fluid of the Broncho alveolar lavage region.

Apart from the above parts, it is also present in the blood and stool samples. But the presence of infectious coronavirus disease 2019 in the other pulmonary specimens is not found yet. The period of detecting this Virus in the upper and lower respiratory tract and other pulmonary areas will take several weeks or longer than that. It is not proved that the fluids other than the respiratory tract can infect the other person. The other fluids would include vomit, urine, breast milk, or content that may or may not contain this infectious Virus.

  1. Is it possible for a person to get affected by this Virus, although he recovered once?

The researchers couldn’t understand the immune response of our body against this Virus. In the case of MERS CoV, the person would have less chance to get infected by this the second time. But it is not proved in the case of 2019 COVID.

  1. When will the person notice the symptoms?

The symptoms, which include Fever, cough, breathing difficulties, and Pneumonia (which affect both of the lungs), will appear after two weeks of exposure to the novel Virus. In the initial days, there will be either no symptoms or minimal symptoms that would occur due to this disease. Even the presence of those few symptoms will be similar to the symptoms of cold or influenza. Sometimes the infection would result in the person’s death.

  1. Can we protect ourselves from this Virus by the vaccine?

There are no vaccines have been identified yet to prevent the spreading of this disease. (as of Feb 2020)

  1. Will the flu vaccine protect the person from Coronavirus?

No, the vaccine used to prevent flu cannot act against the Coronavirus, although the symptoms for both the viruses are almost similar to each other.

  1. How long was the incubation period of the Coronavirus?

According to the results of the recent study, the symptoms will tend to be present after 14 days of exposure to the novel Coronavirus.

How does the Coronavirus affect pregnant women?

According to a recent study published in The Lancet Wednesday, it is proved that the pregnant mothers can’t pass the Coronavirus to their infants during the pregnancy. The co-author of this study, Wei Zhang, said that ‘It seems that the transmission routes do not include amniotic fluid, cord blood or breast milk, all of which may be routes for vertical transmission.’

Pregnant women who are diagnosed with the novel Coronavirus seems to be isolated from their infant after the delivery. The child may get infected with the virus due to close contact with the mother, who is already affected. It is also noted that the Virus had not passed from the mother to fetus in the womb.

The clinical symptoms which are detected in the typical patients did not appear in the case of pregnant women. The women who are caught with this Virus are in their third trimester. So the response to the infection in the first trimester or second trimester is not yet understood. Additional to this evidence, it cannot be proved whether the Virus can pass to the fetus in case of vaginal birth instead of cesarean birth.

Dr. Jennifer Wu. An OB-GYN at Lenox Hill hospital reported, ‘If the viral infection is spread through blood or body fluids like HIV, then transmissions rates drop with cesarean section.’ But the researchers had stated that they need to do more research to conclude whether the intrauterine infection is possible or not.

What is the effect of Coronavirus in children?

It is also reported that the novel coronavirus had affected only a few children when compared with the adult ones. The children are also diagnosed with mild symptoms when compared with elderly patients.  JAMA published a report where it is detected that the age of most people who are affected by the Coronavirus lies between 49 and 56 years.

A practicing family physician in Salem, Ohio, named Dr. Sevilla, said, ‘We also know that in those reported who are affected; many have chronic medical conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular diseases. The situation with regards to the SARS CoV 2 virus and the COVID 19 illness is constantly changing, and we are learning more every day’.

What is the effect of SARS CoV in pregnant women?

It is proved that this SARS CoV also cannot pass from mother to the fetus during the pregnancy period. The Virus cannot pass through the fetus due to the presence of the placenta and amniotic fluid sac. They protect the fetus against the Virus. The pregnant women who have this Virus will have certain complications such as maternal complications, neonatal complications (miscarriage), preterm delivery, and restriction in the intrauterine growth of the fetus.

Another condition that should be considered in pregnant women is Pneumonia. Sevilla has also reported that pregnant women with Pneumonia are associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity. It is also said that most of the pregnant women are hospitalized who are diagnosed with Pneumonia.